- Born: 1611, Essex County, England
- Marriage: Jane "Just" Juet in London, England
- Died: 1677, VA at age 66
English: habitational name from Glascote near Tamworth in Staffordshire, named from Old English glęs 'glass' + cot 'hut', 'shelter'; it was probably once a site inhabited by a glass blower.
Welsh: habitational name from Glascoed in Monmouthshire (Gwent), named from Welsh glas 'gray', 'green' + coed 'wood'. This name is also found in Ireland and may also have been brought to the U.S. from there.
THOMAS GLASCOCK (1620-1663) Just what forces combined to cause Thomas to leave England are unknown. We do know that England was in those days a very distraught country, for the Great Rebellion--the bitter struggle between King Charles I and Parliament for control of the country--was in process. England's Civil War began in 1642 and the battle between the Royalist Cavaliers, who supported the reigning Stuart king, and the Roundheads, who supported Parliament and Oliver Cromwell for political and religious control of the country soon split the nation into two armed camps. 1643 was a bloody year in England and, as in all wars, many people suffered great hardships. Some of them left the country and emigrated to America--and among these emigrants was Thomas Glascock. Perhaps he was a disillusioned Cavalier.
During the war a considerable number of these Royalists came to Virginia because it held steadfast to the Crown and the old reign of Charles I under the rule of Sir William Berkely. Berkely, a rich young Royalist, had been commissioned governor of Virginia by Charles and arrived in 1642, about a year ahead of Thomas. Perhaps he left for religious reasons for believers of the established Church of England were at the threats of Puritans and reformers, and vice versa during these dare days. Or perhaps he was just an adventurous younger son who wanted to try his luck as a Virginia planter. One of Thomas' 1643 patents was for 130 acres in Warwick River County "parallel to his own and land of John Leyden and adjacent to land of Thomas Davis" for transporting three persons to Virginia from England. John Leyden's patents, issued in 1636, are for land on the "Old" Poquoson River, the "New" Poquosin River, and the James River. Thus it appears that Thomas' 1643 patent was for land on the lower part of the peninsula between the James and the York Rivers and situated near the James River somewhat between Newport News, Hampton and Yorktown, now mostly a heavily populated city area. On August 30, 1643, Thomas also patented 200 acres "a mile and a half upon the South side of Peankatanke River, adj Christopher Royce" for transporting 4 persons to Virginia. Two of the four were himself and his wife Jane. We are sure that he lived on this patent, for in 1652 he was appointed Justice of the Peace for the Peankatanke area by the Burgesses, sitting at Jamestown. The Peankatanke River is north of his other patent, in York County on the peninsula between the York and Rappahannock Rivers, and it flows into the Chesapeake Bay just a few miles below the mouth of the Rappahannock. The first patent on the Peankatanke was granted in 1642 and only four others were granted before Thomas', so we know that he was one of the first settlers in the area. Settlement started around Jamestown, moved up and down the James River, and then spread further north and south along the Tidewater coast as Indians were driven back and more settlers arrived. John Leydon (or Laydon) is listed in the records as an "Ancient Planter"...one who arrived in Virginia before 1616. In fact, he arrived with John Smith and the first settlers, at age 27, on the "Susan Constant" in 1607. He married a maid who came in 1608, and the wedding was the first one solemnized in English America.
He survived the massacre of 1622 and by the time of the muster of 1624/1625 only one other man is listed as a survivor of the first settlement of 1607--so he was apparently the oldest and the last of the original settlers. If Thomas did live next to him in 1643, the 63 year old Leyden and his wife must have had some interesting tales to tell of the suffering and trials of the first 36 years of the colony! Thomas' other neighbor, Thomas Davis, was the son of James Davis, also an "Ancient Planter" who had died before 1633. We can only speculate about what contact the Glascocks had with these earliest settlers at the Jamestown settlement, but it is interesting to learn that Glascock's patent was apparently between the patents of these revered "Ancient Planters." On June 28, 1652, Thomas Glascock patented 600 acres in Lancaster County, 200 acres of which were granted upon his surrendering "200 acres on Peankatanke River formerly granted." This transaction proves that the Glascocks arrived in Lancaster County in 1652. Here the Glascocks set about the task of building a home and clearing land for tobacco.
The typical Virginia dwelling of that day was a frame one and a half story building, with brick underpinning and high chimneys at either end. Nails were so hard to get that settlers often burned their homes when moving in order to get nails to start a new house. After the house was built, the forests had to be cleared. After the trees were cut, the stumps had to be dug up and the soil broken up with hoes before the tobacco could be planted. Probably Thomas had some of his headrights or indentured servants help his sons and him with this hard labor. So their tobacco plantation began to grow and Thomas established a way of life as a Rappahannock River planter that was to continue for generations in the Glascock family. Little else is known about the lives of Thomas and Jane.
It is probable that Thomas died before June 3, 1667, for on that date his son, Gregory, was in possession of the Morattico Creek land which had been granted to him in 1662. No record of his or his wife's death; Thomas Glascock's will is presumably in lost will book (1692-1709) of Richmond County. Commissioner, Warwick County, 1652. (Virginia Colonial Abstracts Volume 26, York County, 1648-1657 by Fleet, page 43).
PATENT--THOMAS GLASCOCKE, 130 acres Warwick River County, August 30, 1643, page 902. Parallel to his own and land of John Leydon and adj Thomas Davis. Transportation of three persons: Thomas Trade and Bestney Brookes. SAME--200 acres, a mile and a half upon the South side of Peankatanke River, adj Christopher Reeve, August 30, 1643, page 903. Transportation of four persons: Thomas Glascocke, Jane his wife, William Charles, James Allen.
PATENT--THOMAS GLASCOCK, 600 acres Lancaster County, 28 July 1652, page 195. Upon North side of Morratico Creek, running to land of Nicholas Ferman, etc. 200 acres by rights of a former patent, surrendered; and 400 acres for transportation of eight persons: Fra. Brumly, Alice Bird, Henry Cosham, John Barrom, Thomas Dison, John Ingram, James Ororke, Thomas West; Sarah Parsons land due for. Note: The patent surrendered is dated 30 August 1643 for land in Peyanketanke.
PATENT--MR. THO. GLASCOCKE, 280 acres upon North side of Rappahannock River, 9 January 1662, page 140. Upon head of Morattico Creek, bounding upon land of Nicholas Farmer, Mr. Thomas Stephens, and the land he now lives on. Transportation of six persons: John Randall, Ann Scarton, Richard Gates, John Alexander, Patrick Highlander, Ann Rowse (or Rowze).
PATENT--THOMAS GLASCOCK, 600 acres Lancaster County, 11 March 1662, page 309, (286). NorthWest side of Morratico Creek, about a mile up the same, beginning on NorthEast side at the mouth of NorthNorthWest br. of Morratico Creek &c. SouthEast parallel to the branch upon the land of Nicholas Ferman
(or Forman) &c. Renewal of patent dated 20 July 1652.
PATENT--THOMAS GLASCOCK, 280 acres on North side of Rappahannock County on the head of Morratico Creek, 4 April 1678, page 630. Adjacent Nicholas Farmer and Thomas Stephens. Transportation of six persons: Joane Wade, John Butcher, Richard Vessi, Edmond Symons, Anthony Billington, John Sharpe.
Guildhall Library, City of London Libraries, London EC.2, MS 10, 091/16:
17 Mo Jun 1634...
"This day appeared personally Thomas Glascock of ye parishe of St. Mary Whitechappell in ye county of
Middlesex, joyner and a batchelor aged about 23 yeares and at his owne government & alledgeth that he intendeth
to marry Jane Juet of ye same place, maiden aged about 23 years & att her own government, her parents being
deceased & that there is noe lawful lett or impediment by reason of any precontract, consanguinity, affinity or
otherwise, to hinder this intended marriage, he made faith and desired license for them to be married in ye parish
churche of St. Mary Staynings, London. (Signed) Thomas Glascock
(Signed) Row: Jennings--(Rowland Jennings, surrogate of the Vicar General of the Bishop of London)"
(See The Glas(s)cocks of England and America by Rev. Lawrence A. Glassco on page 231 for a copy of the
By signing his name Thomas shows he was of the Gentry class.
Thomas had moved to VA with his family by 1643 because on 30 Aug 1643 he received two land patents. From
the patents we know his wife's name was "Jane". The reason for moving might have been the 1642 Civil War in
England instigated by a power struggle between King Charles I and the Parliment led by Oliver Cromwell.
One of the 1643 patents was for 130 acres in Warwick River Co. "parallel to his own and land of John Leyden
and adjacent to land of Thomas Davis" possibly for transporting three persons to Virginia from England. This
was for land on the lower part of the penninsula between the James and York Rivers and situated near the James
River somewhat between Newport News, Hampton and Yorktown. John Leyden is listed in the records as an
"Ancient Planter", one who arrived in Virginia before 1616. He arrived with John Smith and the first settlers, at
age 27, on the "Susan Constant" in 1607.
On 30 Aug 1643, Thomas also patented 200 acres "a mile and a half upon the south side of Peankatanke River,
adjacent Christopher Boyce" for transporting 4 persons to Virginia, which included Thomas and his wife, Jane.
In 1652 he was appointed Justice of the Peace for the Peankatanke area by the Burgesses, sitting at Jamestown.
The Peankatanke River was north of his other patent, between the York and the Rappahannock Rivers. It flows
into the Chesapeak Bay just a few miles below the mouth of the Rappahannock. The first patent on the
Rappahannock was granted in 1642, and only four others before Thomas'. The south shore of the Peankatanke
was inhabited by the Chiskiake Indians. It is believe that the Glascocks lived in this are for about 9 years.
On 28 Jul 1652 Thomas was granted a patent for 600 acres about 30 miles north of his Peankatanke land, on
Morattico Creek in Lancaster Co. of VA. Two hundred of these acres were received in exchange for the
surrender of his first patent for the land on the Peankatanke River and the remaining 400 acres were for
transporting eight more persons to the colony.
On 9 Jan 1662, Thomas received another patent for 280 acres adjoining the land he had at the head of the
Morattico Creek for transporting 6 more persons. It is most likely that he moved his family north onto the
Morattico Creek property during the early 1660s. Morattico Creek was named for the "Moraughtacund Indians".
"Thomas Glassocks's land, in Lancaster Co., is on a narrow seaboard peninsula of VA called the 'Northern Neck'
which is bounded on the east by Chesapeake Bay, on the north by the Potomac River (River of Swans), and on the
south by the Rappahannock River (Quick Rising Waters). Only fifteen to twenty miles wide, it runs inland
between the great rivers for about a hundred miles. The Glascock land is located on the point of land at the
junction of the Morattico and the Lancaster (formerly also called the Morattico) Creeks where they flow into the
Rappahannock River, and is thus surrounded on three sides by water. The land is situated uphill from the little
fishing village of Simonson. The East Creek (Lancaster Creek) is the boundary between Richmond and Lancaster
Counties... This area was one of the most densely inhabited parts of Powhaten's Empire, and the hardest fighting
must have occurred along the Rappahannock near the 'Indian Banks' area."
(Source: The Glas(s)cock--Glassco Saga, by Lawrence A. Glassco)
The Thomas Glascock Family (Thomas Glascock & Jane Juet & children - the immigrants) have their family
name inscribed on the American Immigrant Wall of Honor on Ellis Island in New Jersey (near the Statue of
Liberty - next island in New York).
The family appears on Panel # 706 which was just recently installed in late December, 2003.
I have chosen to have the Thomas Glascock Family - our immigrant ancestors of about 1643- to be honored on
the Wall of Honor at Ellis Island.
Although our Glascock family did not immigrate through Ellis Island, this wall has been chosen to honor
immigrants to the USA. The wall contains the names of President George Washington's great grandfather and
John F. Kennedy's great grandparents among others. If you travel to Ellis Island be sure and see the wall where
Thomas Glascock & Jane (Juet) Glascock & children are honored.
Thomas married Jane "Just" Juet in London, England. (Jane "Just" Juet was born in 1611 in Essex County, England and died in VA.)